Fires & Smoke
Sick Building Syndrome
Particulate Matter/Air Pollution
Chemical Exposure Treatment
Daily Air Quality Reports
(very simplistic, basically only looking at ozone levels. NYC is listed as "good")
New York State Ambient Air Monitoring System -- Real time updates of the NYC area (main site)
EPA PM2.5 Web Links -- Photochemical Assessment Monitoring Stations (PAMS) program
Toxicological Mechanisms Of Fire Smoke -- The Internet Journal of Rescue and Disaster Medicine (1998)
"Abstract: Most of the fire victims die or are affected by smoke rather than by flames and the resulting burns. Asphyxia is the principal mechanism of the intoxication, mediated by oxygen deprivation, carbon monoxyde inhalation and sometimes even by hydrocyanic acid inhalation. The other major mechanism is the inhalation of soot and irritating products of combustion. In this paper we review the mechanisms of smoke inhalation resulting from the combustion of some materials present in the modern building, such as mineral fibres, rigid polyurethane, polystyrene and cellulose fibres.
"The continuing toxicity of smoke may be related to the use of synthetic polymers as construction materials, for furniture and upholstering. One of the proximal toxicants is HCN liberated from the nitrogen-containing polymers, like polyurethane, acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer or styrene-acrylonitrile copolymer. All of them are extensively used in the construction or for the furniture. Together with CO, CN- ion has been principally implicated in the death of fire victims."
Grand Jury Convened to Investigate Seton Hall Dorm Fire -- New York Times, October 13, 2001 NEW!
"It is the last stage of an investigation that included months of tests by federal scientists and engineers into the origin of the fire and the reasons for its searing heat and disorienting black smoke. The smoke quickly filled a third-floor lounge in Boland Hall, where the fire was started about 4:30 a.m. on Jan. 19, 2000, and then rolled into hallways throughout the dorm. In a report last June, [Essex County prosecutor, Donald C. Campolo] said investigators had determined that the blaze was intentionally started when someone set fire to a paper banner resting on one of three sofas in the lounge. The sofa contained polyurethane foam, a highly flammable, petroleum-based substance common in household furniture. Almost immediately after the sofa began burning, the two nearby sofas erupted in flames and the lounge became an inferno, filled with blinding smoke, within about five minutes...In the months after the blaze, Seton Hall officials said the university had corrected all fire-code violations, installed sprinklers in all dorm rooms and cleared all its buildings of furniture similar to the polyurethane foam sofas that burned."
This site appears to be a good one on fibreglass ... easily read and navigated
... these pages in particular seem appropriate. I'm not knowledgeable enough
to say for certain though. Perhaps someone can check them out and let us know.
From the same site as previously posted: Need some tips on how to heal your
body after a fiberglass exposure? These commonsense approaches are inexpensive
and natural, and may help.
Fiberglass: Use It With Caution!
Published in Environ, #9 (1989), p. 17. by John Bower (Copyright 1989)
Facts about Fiberglass
American Lung Association of Georgia
Radiation Exposure from Depleted Uranium Counterweights -- Information on amounts used in airplanes
NIOSH: Protect Your Family--Reduce Contamination at Home -- Short article on toxics workers can bring home
The National Clearinghouse for Worker Safety & Health Training
OSHA Head Says Rescue Workers' Safety In New York, Pentagon 'Number One Priority'
OSHA: Asbestos and
Other Hazards Protection for Rescue Workers
Does not seem to be specific to Sept 11th.
Includes extensive listing of documents on asbestos, emergency response, fire safety, protective equipment, and silica.
Working Well: A Manager's Guide to Health and Safety in the Workplace
EPA: Indoor Air Facts No. 4 (revised): Sick Building Syndrome (SBS) (April 1991)
American Lung Association¨ Fact Sheet Particulate Matter Air Pollution
ALA News Conference On EPA Proposal On Particulate Matter Air Pollution Summary of Findings
American Lung Association
Wind-Borne Pollutants May Travel Thousands Of Miles -- Texas A&M University
"Air pollution is not just a local problem. In fact, research by geoscientists at Texas A&M University find that pollutants can travel thousands of miles, so the air you breathe may contain pollutants brought by the wind...They found that air pollutants could be transported over long distances instead of being trapped in the ocean or the soil, and that gaseous water pollutants could evaporate into the atmosphere instead of staying in the ocean. In both cases, the airborne pollutants could lead to deposition of pollutants long distances from where they were produced or used...For example, high levels of pesticides such as DDT, chlordane and toxaphene are present in beluga whales from the Arctic, where they were not used...'Our most surprising result is that there is a flux of contaminants currently coming out of Corpus Christi Bay to the atmosphere,' Wade says, 'while we previously assumed that all the flux of contaminants would be into the water.' Wade suggests that PAH might come from the evaporation from small petroleum spills. 'In an area where we produce petroleum, there is natural seepage and accidental releases,' he says, 'so if you spill PAH in the ocean, a lot of it evaporates and then can be transported long distances.'
"Their research also indicates that DDT and PCB evaporate into the atmosphere and are transported over long distances. 'Scientists assumed that when you spray DDT on crops, the insecticides stay in the soil. They might be washed into rivers when it rains and be transported down rivers to coastal areas,' Wade says. 'To our surprise, we discovered that the pesticide can volatilize into the gaseous state and be transported in the air over long distances fairly rapidly.'"
Are You Prepared For Bioterrorism? -- Business Week article with (at times odd) commentary by Joseph M. Mercola, DO.
Center for Disease Control Answers Questions About Anthrax
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry Medical Management Guidelines for Acute Chemical Exposures
Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences Institute -- Rutgers University
New York City, NY, September 13, 2001 -- The sun streams through the dust cloud over the wreckage of the World Trade Center. Photo by Andrea Booher/ FEMA News Photo
New York City, NY, September 13, 2001 -- The airplane alert antenna sits firmly in the ground amidst the rubble. Originally it was on the roof of the World Trade Center. Photo by Andrea Booher/ FEMA News Photo
New York City, NY, September 13, 2001 -- A New York City Fire Chief addresses firefighters concerning the shifting of surrounding buildings at the World Trade Center crash site. Photo by Andrea Booher/ FEMA News Photo